When this course was first produced the official OpenKM version released was 5.x into a JBoss Application Server. At the present we no longer use JBoss Application Server and OpenKM runs into a Tomcat container.
Despite these changes, all the information in this course is currently valid with the only exceptions:
- Now OpenKM is deployed into a Tomcat container.
- You will use more modern Eclipse version.
jBPM is an Open Source workflow engine written in Java that can execute business processes described in BPMN 2.0 (or its own process definition language jPDL in earlier versions). It is released under the ASL (or LGPL in earlier versions) by the JBoss community.
jBPM is a flexible Business Process Management (BPM) Suite. It makes the bridge between business analysts and developers. Traditional BPM engines have a focus that is limited to non-technical people only. jBPM has a dual focus: it offers process management features in a way that both business users and developers like it.
A business process allows you to model your business goals by describing the steps that need to be executed to achieve that goal and the order, using a flow chart. This greatly improves the visibility and agility of your business logic, results in higher-level and domain-specific representations that can be understood by business users and is easier to monitor.
The core of jBPM is a light-weight, extensible workflow engine written in pure Java that allows you to execute business processes using the latest BPMN 2.0 specification. It can run in any Java environment, embedded in your application or as a service.
In essence jBPM takes graphical process descriptions as input. A process is composed of tasks that are connected with sequence flows. Processes represent an execution flow. The graphical diagram (flow chart) of a process is used as the basis for the communication between non-technical users and developers.
Each execution of a process definition is called a "process instance". jBPM manages the process instances. Some activities are automatic like sending an email or invoking a service. Some activities act as wait states, like for example human tasks or waiting for an external service to return results. jBPM will manage and persist the state of the process instances at all times.
jBPM is based on the Process Virtual Machine (PVM) which is the JBoss community's foundation to support multiple process languages natively. The JBoss community currently focuses on using the BPMN 2.0 specification for defining business processes.
On top of the core engine, a lot of features and tools are offered to support business processes throughout their entire life cycle:
- Eclipse-based and web-based editor to support the graphical creation of your business processes (drag & drop)
- Pluggable persistence and transactions based on JPA / JTA
- Pluggable human task service based on WS-HumanTask for including tasks that need to be performed by human actors
- Management console supporting process instance management, task lists and task form management, and reporting
- Optional process repository to deploy your process (and other related knowledge)
- History logging (for querying / monitoring / analysis)
- Integration with Seam, Spring, OSGi, etc.
BPM makes the bridge between business analysts, developers and end users, by offering process management features and tools in a way that both business users and developers like it. Domain-specific nodes can be plugged into the palette, making the processes more easily understood by business users.
We encourage using our OpenKM portable development environment rather than configure your own eclipse, specially for Java novices.
We've tried to provide a development platform as easy as possible to get it running with few steps.
You can download workflow examples and also some exercises that you should do.
The idea is like a student you take it as a reference, not simply executing the workflow exercises we've prepared. This material is only for your reference, but you must work on workflow exercises we propose to really get the skills on doing it.
- Download the eclipse project Workflows.zip.
- Extract in your computer.
- Use Eclipse import feature.
jBPM supports adaptive and dynamic processes that require flexibility to model complex, real-life situations that cannot easily be described using a rigid process. We bring control back to the end users by allowing them to control which parts of the process should be executed, to dynamically deviate from the process, etc.
jBPM is also not just an isolated process engine. Complex business logic can be modelled as a combination of business processes with business rules and complex event processing. jBPM can be combined with the Drools project to support one unified environment that integrates these paradigms where you model your business logic as a combination of processes, rules and events.
jBPM 3.3.1 Installer